”Kyeyo”:Uganda Boarding schools aren’t good for kids anymore

The boys of S.4 West in 1995 in Kibuli Secondary School when Alhajji Abbasi Kawaase was stil the headmaster

Dear Ugandans abroad,

Sending a child to a boarding school in Uganda is a mistake! Taking ones kids to school here just because you have failed to discipline them there abroad is wrong. There is no school in Uganda that is going to do them discipline for you. In other words there is no school here that is going to do the parenting for you. Schools in Uganda especially the private “good” ones are merely business projects. They are simply interested in your money.

There is this myth that Ugandan schools are better blah blah.This is simply nostalgia. Those schools are long dead- gone with the fundamental change of 1986 by Museveni! I know of many people who brought back their unruly kids to be taught here and they have all failed. Very few have gotten their money’s worth. The kids even got worse from here in Uganda. They learnt how to smoke bhung, marijuana and even cocaine from Kampala!

One of the kids when he went back to London became the boss of the street kids there! He is now serving time in “wormwood scrubs” a big prison in London! No, keep your kids where you are and where you can personally give them the parental love they need to grow up into responsible citizens.You bring them here in Uganda as a punishment, they will punish you back! Keep your kids with you. There are better schools over there. It’s where the Ministers and big people here in Uganda take their kids. Schools here have been spoilt by UPE,USE and no UUE (Universal University education)!

Just like the health sector has gone to the dogs, so has the education and everything else! It’s only the Presidency (PPU) that still works here! And even this, there are those who wonder …….

The mistake people make is to first bring their kids there in the developed nations then after they realize they are “failing” then “deport” their kids back to Uganda.This is both traumatizing and i think even illegal ! Imagine you are used to eating sausages and eggs, then they take you back to a place where they serve posho and lumonde! You are used to living with your “loving” parents then you are abruptly whisked to live with strangers in a dormitory?

If you think schools here in Uganda are better then leave your kids here and never take them there in the first place. It’s only fair. I have seen Big men cry when they land at Entebbe after being deported. What do you think a young child goes through? Some people have even committed suicide!

My view is this: Never ever take you kids out only to send them back “Mbu” to learn good manners or how to behave.The standard here have of course gone down the drain kabisa kabisa! I don’t think we shall ever get back to even half of what we had before the “Revolution”!

I earned my living sometimes back advising our people about this. It’s not a new thing. I got kids and I know what iam talking about. I went to boarding schools all my life and i think i got one of the best education our country did provide then. But i swore never to take my kids to boarding school. I just couldn’t imagine myself chewing chicken at home as my kid is somewhere with a rumbling stomach!

Thankfully of the many kids God has given me, only one has been through what i went through.. boarding school at a young age!

Gook Akanga

UAH forumist in Uganda

museveni jet is a sign of selfishness

Fellow ugandans,

You have to remember the reasons which were cited by the administration for the sell off of Ugandan airlines routes-the price of gas, insurance and maintenance. To maintain one of these jets, for simple trips like flying from Uganda to Kenya, costs in the excess of $20,000 US dollars, and that might be an lower estimate. Does the president not realize, what an extra $20,000 a month could accomplish at any of our hospitals?

This is indeed a very selfish act by a man who has asked every Ugandan to tighten their belts. A complete turn about from our hero, who authored the book “What is Africa’s problem” The YKM who authored the book above, would definitely convict this new YKM- and that is the dichotomy that we are all trying to grapple with as students of African philosophy and progress. Nyerere his mentor would have never acted this selfishly.

Therefore, it is not only the cost of the plane that is worrisome; it is maintenance, insurance and gas, all costs that have to be put into consideration. Our outcry, does not emanate from the simplistic want of our president to not look presidential in his many travels, NO! we are seriously questioning the wisdom, practicability, the audacity to put such an expensive self-interest item ahead of all the matters of life and death that are a daily plague in the country he has lead for 23 year, matters that he claims are brought on by the lack of resources.

Worse still, we rallied for debt forgiveness, citing poverty as the reason for not being able to pay back our creditors-how does the president dryly look these folks in the eyes? The countries that forgave us such huge debts, with a promise of turning debt service monies into the re-building of our infrastructure to effectively service poor masses. Does he say to them, well, among the few items we have bought with that debt forgiven windfall, is a new Lear jet; it does not make dry sense to me.

Talk about owning a Cadillac in the Ghetto-while collecting welfare food stamps. The president has definitely lost his priorities the country cannot afford such luxuries-when our schools lack roof tops and books and people are dying in our hospitals at such an alarming rate, due to lack of resources. A days worth of jet fuel, could furnish an entire wing of a hospital in Kabale, Mabara or Kawolo-hospital, yes on jinja road where all the accident victims go, which still has an operation theater that is the age of Owen falls dam.

It is a shame indeed If I had a close up opportunity with the president, I would like to ask him-whether we should burn his books, because amidst the suffering his beautiful words on paper back have not born out his deeds.


Land titles are now useless in Uganda

It is the truth.  I repeat the market for land collapsed long ago. And it collapsed because the govt messed up with the incentive structures.  Actually several things are happening simultaneously in the land sector.  The land bill Act of 1998 or 1997 offered full insurance to land squatters/bibanja holders/and so called bonafide land tenants (read land grabbers). I equate land to insurance. Once the laws was passed things fell a part literally. There has never been order/certainity in the land sector ever since.  I invite you to wonder why it is that insurance firms discriminate on the basis of age, gender, and even race.

For some strange/stupid reason the cabinet of Uganda wanted to treat every one in the land sector the same. Actually tenants were treated better than mailo land owners which in the insurance industry would be like treating young male better than middle aged women drivers. In other words, the land bill should have taken into consideration quality. Quality of land/location/size etc but also quality in terms of ownership.

To privilege the tenant/bonafide tenant over the mailo land owner was the biggest mistake the bill made. It may be the case that tenant/bibanja holders have groups that represent them but not mailo land owners  because the regime hates them even as the big men in the regime have become the largest land holders in Uganda not by birth, but through land grabbing, okay blackmail purchases. Anyone who cares to know knows that the President Museveni is now the largest land holder in Uganda (that is why he and the twatera embuddu clique eschewed efficient tools such as land taxation).  The consequences are there for all to see: the opposite has happened to the land sector. The order the bill wanted to introduce is no no more.  Truth of the matter is tat the land sector is characterized by chaos and uncertainty.

That chaos and uncertainty has led to the second problem: multiple land titles. Mailo land owners have the original copy which by law-gazette notice -has never been annulled. The crooks with the right connections have duplicate copies.  Mark you, the ministry of lands is a den of thieves who create land titles for the NRMO crowd.   under such an environment, land buyers can never be sure that the land they are buying belongs to the person selling it in the first place.  That is where the lemon problem comes in.

What you saw the IGP doing is the equivalent of what buyers of second hand vehicles in the West do: demand a certificate from govt licensed garage to verify that indeed the car is not a lemon.  It is costly.  With the crime levels in Uganda, the IGP is now in the business of verifying land titles.  How did things get to that level?

Things will get worse not better. I suspect that as Kony terrorized parts of northern Uganda, some ‘bonafide’ tenants may have taken over people’s land.  Mark you the Land Act does not take such developments into consideration. If someone takes over your land and can prove that they have been on that land since 1986 (notice the cut off year) for 10 years, they can invoke the law to protect them.

Basically, the Land Act assumes that if you let -never mind whether you were aware or not-someone on your land for 10, you are deemed to have slept on your rights and therefore out of luck. The bonafide tenants has all the rights to be issued land titles.

The insight I want to emphasize on Ugandans is that if NRMO really wanted to create efficient land use in Uganda, it should have used taxation. All holders of  mailo land holders/other forms of land would be subject to a land tax.  It would have served multiple goals. a) it is more efficient than the current land Act. b) there would be no such uncertainty with regards to land titles and therefore  minimal chaos in the land sector. C) It would have been more equitable in the end.  The logic is that you tax heavily something you do not like(NRMO hates land owner). Those unable to pay the tax on the expansive land would sell to return portions they can afford to pay the tax on.  It is possible the govt could have generated bilions in taxes since land can’t be hidden to vade taxes. I told why taxation was not considered: it would hit the new kids on the land block.

As Justice Wendel Holmes famously observed, taxes is what people pay for civilization. YKM wanted to avoid land taxes for personal reasons and created the current chaos in the land sector.  Similarly, he hoodwinked Ugandans when he abolished the only taxes most people paid so today they have no voice. How can Ugandans complain that YKM is hiring only his relatives when they pay no taxes? If they want that voice they have no choice but pay taxes.

Let the embattled  land holders counter YKM’s land reform with a proposal to be taxed instead on their land holders. NRMO would then have to explain why a revenue starved nation would leave money on the table. As they say kyoyagala kikusezza (you pay dearly for what you treasure). Imagine if the land holders were to call a national press conference and announce that they are willing to be taxed on their land holdings.  Things would interesting would they?

This the what Akerlof talked about. The land market is full of lemons hence the uncertainty. No one can be certain of the land title they hold. It has now become so costly to a level where the IGP checks land titles. The picture of IGP in the NewVision with scared Katoto checking land titles said it all: the land market is Uganda is no more. That is the uncertainty  Akerlof talked about.   The govt offices are responsible for the lemon business. No one can be sure of the land titles they hold.  Former Finaces ministers are not pared and so is NSSF

The point is this, the land sector can be reformed without fragmenting land any further. But to do so, the govt must come up with an upper limit on the amount of land the landless qualify for under the subsidy/land fund.

Let me wade into a controversial region. By all indications, Bunyoro seems to have plentiful of land. But the presence of plentiful land does not mean that Bunyoro’s land should be fragmented or grabbed.  Large scale/’modernized agriculture’ could take place in Bunyoro and in regions where land has not been fragmented.

The people of Bunyoro have a legitimate point when they complain that new arrivals have more land than the indigenous Banyoro.  Should individuals who were landless elsewhere own more land than indigenous Banyoro? That is wrong period.  It is happening because the govt out of stupidity has promised such individuals to access the land fund and buy themselves out.  It is the perfect case of moral hazard. They continue to take over  more and more Bunyoro land and complaining-imagine-that the govt is not doing what it promised: to give them funds from the land fund, my foot, to buy their luxurious lifestyles.

Again the Baganda have a saying that “eyali affude bwalemaara (sp)/he who was all given up for the dead, when he ends up disabled is fine. I equate the almost dead to the landless who should be grateful for whatever little the govt can help them afford.  But they are foolish and would rather live like kings on expansive land holdings.

And let me be clear again. If the land fund is going to be operationalized, priority should go to the indigenous people. In the case of Bunyoro, priority should go to the Banyoro to buy back some of the land but not to finance luxury. That is why the govt should come up with an upper limit. How much land should the landless be facilitated/subsidized to acquire through the land fund? That is perhaps the mother of all questions and to my knowledge no one has asked it yet.

And in the case of Buganda, priority should go towards bibanja holders and not bonafide tenants/aka 1986 creations. But once again, the question is how much land should they be able to buy from the land owners?  Should bibanja holders be able to force the mailo land owner -the land act forces the land owners to sell at Ugs shs 1, 000-to sell them against his/her wish 20, 30, 50, 70, 100% of his/her land? How much should be given up under the law/land Act?  Yes, the incentives have to be properly aligned (emphasis added). The last I checked the land reform is silent on these issues.



Mulago and Nurses should be facilitated enough

Kampala International hospital, the best private hospital in Kampala

Dialysis is not a rocket scientist’s procedure.Extreme caution and great knowledge are essetial in carrying it out  though. There is nothing medical that Mulago will not do if the right personnel is trainned for the appropriate equipment/procedure. Mulago is doing well on removal of prostates, using one of the  most non invasive surgical methods(forget those bloody laporatomies for prostatectomies) I have known in modern medicine. Dr. Kagwa, who trainned in the US is a real shinning star on this one. He will do dialysis in a heart beat if the equipment is in place. Remember so much has been done with olden equipment and obsolete medications( for the west).Prioritising in health investments should not be embattled at all as health is the pivot of our lives.

On the issue of man power,according to the original plan, Mbarara University was to start and  help the  already trained allied health professionals to upgrade into medicine mostly, Medical Assistants now called Clinical officers like their compatriots in Kenya and TZ. But the plans changed when Museveni came onto the political scene. The unfinished university buildings were suddenly occupied by fresh students whom Makerere medical school could not take due to different reasons, space, level of passing etc. In a heartbeat, Cuban doctors were brought in to teach the fresh medical students. This has in the long run become a good thing, but at the same time, there has been a tremendous loss of manpower to be tapped into by not facilitating further education for people who are already in the system.

Nursing is still looked upon in Uganda and yet revered in the US. Bottom line is that the practice of medicine in general is simply based on patient care which is done by a team (forget the hard academic hassles). Many times doctors will do work that one would consider fit for a nurse and a nurse will act as a doctor in times of emergency. A case in point is airway management, say in case of an accident and someone sustains a head injury, is unconscious, bleeding from the nose and mouth  and probably through the ears(bad stuff here). Do you think a nurse at site will stand with arms akimbo saying, OK, this is a doctor’s case, may be a neurologist to see so I will not secure the  airway?

NO, unless she is in the US where legalities and red tape are the order of the day. Remember the first caesarean section was done by a midwife. She managed to save the baby but the mother died. This mentality of overlooking nursing should stop and the nurses be allowed to study more and become nurse practitioners as they do here in the US so that quality care to patients could extend to remote areas of the country as the nurse practitioners would be allowed to open up private clinics just like their colleagues in the US. I am sure they would be able to determine the types of cases and emergencies they would handle and be able to refer the rest in time.

I just remembered the Lines of patients on Rubaga Road that used to zigzag into Dr.Mumpi’s clinic. This was real madness, as one doctor or medical assistant could not accurately investigate, diagnose and treat diseases of all those many people that flocked into his clinic every day. Something has to be done by the government of Uganda to improve the quality of health care as well as improving the training standards of the medical personnel. Buying new text books, introducing high tech equipment and supplying ample sundries for practical work for the students will greatly improve our people’s health. But how will this be possible if the financial resources are wasted on non priorities like buying new presidential jets or when our people have been told not to pay graduated taxes, so that they keep in a happy state(euphoria) , happy enough not to disagree with a selfish Museveni who hates  and fears democracy?

One is tempted to  bet that the books some people used at the Albert cook Library in the 70s, the Cunninghams, the Gray’s Anatomy, Nzarubara’s book  on surgery  are still the same  volumes that  fill that beautiful library annexed to a perennially blocked private place, while the modern world is writing new books with new information almost every day! This is our Uganda and its president of 23 years.

Jenifer Biri

Ugandan resident in New York/UAH member

‘Tutsi’ are the only Ugandans in Museveni’s book


You observation below is well noted! That stated, Mucebeni has undertaken a deliberate  policy measure to frustrate the advancement  and aspiration of many citizens of Uganda  who are not Tutsi.

  • Only Tutsi are allowed to get government loans to set up business.
  • Only Tutsi are provided with government  scholarship  to study abroad,
  • Only Tutsi occupy prominent Government positions in any ministry

When a  journalist asked  Museveni about this apparent discrepancies which tends to favour tutsis in all aspects of the Uganda social, political and economic life , Museveni had the audacity to tell  the journalist  that  mbu Tutsis  seem to have all the favour because they are well read and smart .Other people from other parts  of Uganda … like in Northern Uganda are simply backwards and primitive.

Yet it is museveni’s policies of creating wars for 20 years and counting which has lead to dismal academic performance of Students in Northern Uganda. In Buganda, biting poverty has rendered most parents incapable of financing their children education in Good schools! And if some how a smart Muganda  kid reaches the University and obtains that degree  guess what… the kid never obtains any kind of employment. This has really frustrated many fellow citizens in Buganda.

And now Museveni is working hard to deprive citizens of the one thing they are still hanging on for survival… that is land!!! Once he grabs all the land and hands them over to Tutsi, people will really have no means to survive! You simply die a pauper!!!Something really must be done!!…

Matek Kopoko

Old Student of Buganda Road Primary School/UPC Activist and now resides in USA


Dear Netters,

Thanks for responding to the subject of witch-doctors intimidating and causing untold fear amongst the Uganda population to the point of believing  lies and tricks of witch-doctors in attracting people to believe that human sacrifice of calousily killing young girls and boys in the unfounded hope of acquiring wealth from such barbaric acts.

One characteristic of all the respondents is that nobody has hit at the effective solution. Nobody has agreed that practitioners of witch-craft are basically honest, genuine people but who act ignorantly.

Only education of their minds will remove their ignorance. And this can only be carried out in the education system begining in the prirmary, secondary and at university level.

The press can play an effective role, but people like Kalundi Serumaga fear to antagonise witch-dcotors. Killing innocent young girls and boys should invite sympathy but Serumaga has never presented a programme to condemn this practice for fear of antagonising witch-doctors.

Most  netters are saying that witch-craft be criminalised and the Police Force be awakened to take strong action against practitioners of witch-craft.
The laws against witch-craft are there, but are they enforced.

The great weakness of these proposals is that the majority of Ugandaans, including the Police Force and the judiciary are all of them believers in witch-craft hence they cannot take  action against witch-doctors.

In addition to that, and we have established these facts in our book UNVEILING WTICH-CRAFT these people are intimidated into fearing the repurcusions of witch-dcotors. Fear of witch-doctors makes law enforcers, the Police and the Press,  to fear to take action against them. They fear to be cursed and to be possessed by the devil, they fear to be be-witched by witch-doctors.

This fear is based on ignorannce of the highest degree.

The only solution is to remmove fear from our people.  Fear can only be removed if they are convinced from the bottom of their hearts that the witch-doctor has not power to send spirits to attack anybody. We have established that there are no such spirits known as amayembe, lubaale, emizimu, ebyookoola, ebyomunju, etc.

In our book we demonstrate very clearly the basis of how witch-doctors claim to possess such powers. We have converted hundreds of thousands of witch-doctors who have spilled the beans on how they deceived and trick people.

Netters have asked me whether we have approached the ministry of education and other law makers to educate the population about these lies and tricks of witch-dcotrs.

Yes, we have approached the highest authorities in Uganda. We have written letters to H.E. President Museveni, and the MInister of Presidential aAffairs, Hon Wabudeya, and the PPS in the President’s office, Hon. Amelia Kyambadde. The latter had even made an appointment for us to meet the President but some how it did not materialise.

We have approached Makerere University and delivered complimentary copies to relevant departments like that of Sociology, Psychology, Education, Anthropolgy, Religious Affairs, The Faculty of Law,etc

The Presidents office invited us to meet Canon Ruhunda who is incharge of Religious Affairs in HE’s office. We carried two ex-witch-doctors to his office, and all the spirits and other paraphernalia witch-doctors use in the spirits shrines and demonstratred how  they tell lies and how they change their voices to sound like spirits and how they make horns (amayembe) walk about and how they make them talk.

WE were invited at  Makerere Institute of Languages where the department of Anthropology operates from and  we carried  two ex-witchdoctors who demonstrated how they make spirits (horns) and lubaale, talk and walk about.

Briefly, we showed how witch-doctors capitalise on the gullibility of the population to deceive them.

At this stage Ugandans should be abhorred by the story of the young girl who was so calously placed in a ditch, alive and watching every activity going on, sand poured over her and made her die a very painful death.

In civilised societies such a story would prop up in Parliament and the Minister of security would be put on the carpet, indeed, the Government would be forced to resign if the culprit is not found and prosecuted.

Briefly, the solution is to criticlly read that book and analyse it and see how our findings can help educate the minds of the people so that they no longer succumb to witch-doctors lies and tricks. It is only after fear of witch-doctors has been removed that we can face them and refuse to kill young girls and boys for their body parts to prescribe medicine for acquiring wealth.

We also approached the Minsitry of Education and donated five books to all the ministers in that ministry and their commissioners.

But, dear netters, we have never even received a letter acknowledging receipt of our donations. And this subject has never been even mentioned in the minisrtry.

Our suspicion is that these officers are themselves believers in witch-craft hence they cannot take action that will remove what they believe in. Or, they are so effectively intimidated by the thought that witch-doctors will attack them if they take action.

Henry Ford Mirima

UPE and USE program in Uganda

Whereas UPE started in 1997, USE started with the 2007, ten years later. This implies that the beneficiaries of UPE the editor referred never benefited from USE. There are several factors responsible for the high drop out especially after P7 including but not limited to

· failure to make it from primary section to secondary

· poverty

· community’s perception about a girl child

· attitude towards education

· education environment

· early pregnancies

Several studies have been made about UPE drop outs and facts well are documented. Initially there was no free education after Primary seven, so many dropped out for reasons of school fees this is what prompted government to usher in USE even when other players thought we were ill prepared. We had however taken lessons from UPE and thus courteously implemented USE.

Government decided not to take on all classes and schools as desired we started with S.1 and S. 2 day schools in 2007 with candidates who had at least attained 28 aggregates. It was assumed that a parent who can afford to take a child in a boarding school is averagely fairing and therefore could afford to push on as Government supports the needy poor. This caused need for day schools in areas whether they are not available in order to extend this service evenly and equitably thus governments programme for seed secondary schools, one at least in every sub-county. We also cooperated with private day school to take on Government students as government constructs her own schools to accommodate the numbers.

USE at the moment is limited to O’ Level. Government proposes investing more in vocational institutions than advanced level so that 2 years after Ordinary level one comes one with practical skills relevant to his life. Then matters of theory and geography can be furthered by people with an option.

I am trying to access Mr. Kibenbe to get his comment on the inspectorate department and when I get it I shall post it. I have his mobile but I am not at liberty to give it out you can however try his office line on 414 258429.

However I want to let you know that there is no age limit to UPE. Many people too advantage of the opening up to education and went back to school when UPE started and that’s how the numbers overshoot. There is 75 year man who is now P. 6 in Arua and another one in 60s sat his Primary seven Kiwatule. He actually studied with his grand children in the same class.

Kids on the road: Government instituted rehabilitation officers at District levels to care of child affairs and they do a lot in resettling these children. They do monitoring up to their homes to settle conflicts in homes that cause children run aways. The challenge however is that this became a source of income. Many people with NGO to settle pretending to be helping these children actually entice them to keep on road. Besides others are sent by their own parents to stay on road and beg, so its been tricky. But I also agree that not enough has been done by the City Authorities.

Education was decentralised both by region and sections. By sections I mean Primary, Secondary and Higher Education. The Person now responsible for secondary education is Commissioner Nsubuga who can also be reached on 414 348026. I will talk to both and try to get their email addresses.

Aisha Kabanda

Former presidential Aide

Let Ugandans compile evidence against their leaders for ICC

I guess Ugandans are saying that Museveni and his Tutsi Generals are the law and the Law is the same Museveni and his Tutsi Generals. For now it looks that. Anyway, on a wider aspect if anyone is not happy with ICC, let him/her be aware that there is a Review Conference of the International Criminal Court Statute that took place sometime after July, 2009 to consider amendments to the treaty that founded the International Criminal Court. This can only mean the Court is going to be there and it will only get better to put those bent to impunity into the dock.. The Review Conference will only get ICC to a better form if members of the Assembly of States Parties put their contributions positively.

The NRMO or Museveni supporters who are apprehensive of the ICC should reconsider fully embracing it after all Uganda is already a member of the Assembly of States of ICC and next year Uganda shall be hosting ICC in Kampala. This was decided at the seventh session of the Assembly of States Parties in November 2008. The Assembly decided that the Review Conference of the Rome Statute shall be held in Kampala, Uganda, during the first semester of 2010. Just to add onto that, this Court is governed by the Assembly of States Parties and Uganda is one of the parties. The Assembly of States Parties is the Court’s management oversight and legislative body and it consists of one representative from each state party. Each state party has one vote and every effort has to be made to reach decisions by consensus. If consensus cannot be reached, decisions are made by vote. This is how the Court manages its four organs: the Presidency, the Judicial Divisions, the Office of the Prosecutor, and the Registry.

One Ugandan called Abbey Kibirige  Semuwemba wanted to know the appeal procedures. This can be found in the Judicial Divisions of the Court. The Judicial Divisions consist of the 18 judges of the Court, organized into three divisions — the Pre-Trial Division, Trial Division and Appeals Division — which carry out the judicial functions of the Court. These Judges are elected to the Court by the Assembly of States Parties. They serve nine-year terms and are not generally eligible for re-election. All judges must be nationals of states parties to the Rome Statute, and no two judges may be nationals of the same state. They must be “persons of high moral character, impartiality and integrity who possess the qualifications required in their respective States for appointment to the highest judicial offices”

The Prosecutor or any person being investigated or prosecuted may request the disqualification of a judge from “any case in which his or her impartiality might reasonably be doubted on any ground”. Any request for the disqualification of a judge from a particular case is decided by an absolute majority of the other judges. A judge may be removed from office if he or she “is found to have committed serious misconduct or a serious breach of his or her duties” or is unable to exercise his or her functions. The removal of a judge requires both a two-thirds majority of the other judges and a two-thirds majority of the states parties..

Let us get another point clear too. ICC is an independent international organisation, and is not part of the United Nations system. It is legally and functionally independent from any body including the United Nations. However, the Rome Statute grants certain powers to the United Nations Security Council under Article 13 of ICC. This Article allows the Security Council to refer to the Court situations that would not otherwise fall under the Court’s jurisdiction (as it did in relation to the situation in Darfur, which the Court could not otherwise have prosecuted as Sudan is not a state party). Article 16 of ICC allows the Security Council to require the Court to defer from investigating a case for a period of 12 months. Such a deferral may be renewed indefinitely by the Security Council. During the negotiations that led to the Rome Statute, when deciding on its jurisdiction, a large number of states argued that the Court should be allowed to exercise Universal jurisdiction. However, this proposal was defeated due in large part to opposition from the United States. A compromise was reached, allowing the Court to exercise jurisdiction only under limited circumstances:

  • where the person accused of committing a crime is a national of a state party (or where the person’s state has accepted the jurisdiction of the Court);
  • where the alleged crime was committed on the territory of a state party (or where the state on whose territory the crime was committed has accepted the jurisdiction of the Court); or
  • where a situation is referred to the Court by the UN Security Council

The Court cooperates with the UN in many different areas, including the exchange of information and logistical support. The Court reports to the UN each year on its activities, and some meetings of the Assembly of States Parties are held at UN facilities. The relationship between the Court and the UN is governed by a “Relationship Agreement between the International Criminal Court and the United Nations”.

The Court is intended as a court of last resort, investigating and prosecuting only where national courts have failed as it has been stated clearly by Abbey. It ought to be there to deter or prevent impunity where they occur. The issue of whether President Bush or Israel President are left of the hook is a matter of politics. The law is there and it is sending a clear message to these leaders with some tangible influence being realised though slowly. Even the recently invasion of Gaza by Israel is in the process. The only biggest downfalls at the moment are its power of arresting, prosecuting and enforcing its judgement. It has no police. It relies on the member states and that is why it may not be ast to drag Bush to the Hagues or for that matter Museveni or Kony!

As of February 2009, 108 countries have joined the Court, including nearly all of Europe and South America, and roughly half the countries in Africa. However, ICC in its current state has got some shortfall but it is a baby and it has all the good reasons behind its formation. It should be supported and developed to offer alternative justice to those who would otherwise not get any. We already have a world court, ICJ, but it only deals with cases between states. And this is what those who are committing impunity wants to hide behind. They want to dangles States immunity before your eyes will impunity continues unabated.

But ICC is meant to crack through the veils and that is what they done like. Also remember ICJ was established in 1945 by the UN Charter and the Court began work in 1946 as the successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice. The Statute of the International Justice similar to that of its predecessor, is the main constitutional document constituting and regulating the Court. But ICJ has dealt with relatively few cases only in its history, and there has clearly been an increased willingness to use the Court since the 1980s, especially among developing countries. As usual the stumbling block has been the United States.

In 1986 United States withdrew from compulsory jurisdiction of ICJ and so it now accepts the court’s jurisdiction only on a case-to-case basis. But the irony about this is that in 1948, following the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals when the United States was then leading the show, the United Nations General Assembly recognised the need for a permanent international court to deal with atrocities of the kind committed during World War II and the USA supported it then. Since 1948 not a lot happen due to all sorts of thing including Cod War era.

But in 1989. A N R Robinson, then Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, proposed the creation of a permanent international court to deal with the illegal drug trade and the idea was revived. Not a lot happened until 1995 when some small group of NGOs founded a Coalition that coordinated their work to ensure the establishment of an International Criminal Court.

Since then, the Coalition’s membership has increased exponentially as its original goal of establishing the ICC grew to a Coalition for the International Criminal Court that includes over 2500 organizations around the world working in partnership to strengthen international cooperation with the ICC; to ensure that the Court is fair, effective and independent; to make justice both visible and universal; and advance stronger national laws that deliver justice to victims of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.

As of February 2009, 108 countries have joined the Court, including nearly all of Europe and South America, and roughly half the countries in Africa. However, these countries only account for a minority of the world’s population. A further 40 states have signed but not ratified the Rome Statute; the law of treaties obliges these states to refrain from “acts which would defeat the object and purpose” of the treaty..

Charles Eliba

UPC Activist/Lawyer

Comparing Museveni,Besigye and Muntu by Samson Mande

Colonel Samson Mande is a former UPDF officer

I am talking to you as a Ugandan a human rights activist and environmental protection activist and by the way i am also a prize winner of the 2006 EUROPE HUMAN RIGHTS HEROES AWARD.In addition i happen to have been a member of FRONASA, a founder member of the NRA/NRM, a founder member of the Reform Agenda and a founder member of the FDC and an ordinary member of the FDC Sweden branch, just in case you may need to know me more.

I happen to have worked very closely with Museveni, Besigye and Mugisha Muntu in bad and good times and i have some good understanding of the three outstanding figures in this discussion.The three have the following in common: They are articulate men of high calibre vision and very revolutionary. The differences are :

General Yoweri Museveni is obsessed with power (military,economic and political power) , does never accept to be any other number except number one. When it comes to acquiring power he will do anything possible including riding on the devil toget it. Museveni believes in Single Party Rule and he belives his party should have him as the ruler and the only guide since he believes no one else has a vision to lead ” Uganda and Africa”

He can drop or change allies, he can shift from one ideology and from principle to another any time it serves him. He does not miss an opportunity that makes him achieve what he wants no matter what the long term effects or repercussions may be.

Museveni does all this struggle for rather personal than national gains : a big name as the most famous African human being and one of the richest (material gains). This is more reason he concentrates more on regional and puts East Africa and African issues in general a pririty above Ugandan issues. For him Uganda is like his launhing pad into his dream of becomming the better Kwame Nkrumah.

He believes in centralisation of power(personal power) and that money will help him to control people for many generations through a line of heritage of his own choice as opposed to building institutions with long term and democratic succession strategies.

Besigye and Mugisha Muntu have always dreamed of a rich and prosperous Ugandan community governed by the people through democratic institutions as opposed to politics of patronage and centralised political , military and economic power owned by an individual or a clique. A Ugandan community where tribal, racial,religious and class discrimination is minimised to minute levels if not totaly eradicated. They are military men not as of choice but by circumstances and they believe in civil power.

Besigye and Muntu have just a slight difference, Besigye is a little more courageous and makes quick decisions while Muntu kind of takes his time to make a lot of more analysing and compromise. I am very happy to see them in one political party and mutualy supporting each other. The two have all the values a modern leadership needs to have. Thats is why Museveni will no longer sleep for he knows the abilities and capacity these two have. That is more reason he may wish to destroy the FDC physicaly and legaly(false charges, court raids, killing and intimidation of supportersetc) rather than politicaly and ideologicaly or intellectualy. Try to arrange a debate between them and Museveni on Uganda issues Museveni will always dissappear in thin grass only to appear later through the black mamba element.

When one talks about the political reforms it is Besigye and us who put that initiative forward and we still believe in that. Yoweri thinks he is to militarily powerful to see reason why we need reforms and reconciliation. You have not to spend time telling us about it for it is a crucial undertaking we and the entire nation is waitting in order to put the past in history and move forward. So i think Ugandns need to do more talking to your dear leader to help him understand and internalise the importance of reconciliation and reform. These two ideas are more important than the so called amnesty.

And i wish to begg some Ugandans to stop insulting me by asking me to ask for amnesty and i wish to assure you that perhaps it will be my dead body that will ask for amnesty not the living grand son of Karobwa-Mande. Those criminals , cowards and those mentaly enslaved people or those under torture and blackmail can do that but not me.They have killed my people , the people of Uganda, Rwanda, DRC and Sudan the list is not less than five million people whose blood stains that cherished ruler of yours who if he does not ask for amnesty we shall deliver to justice in a question of time.

Lastly i dont see science in some people’s advice that it is safer for me to communicate to a newVision journalist,Katerega Ahmed, directlly for that is when he will get my IP and everything.But let me inform Ugandans that i am a public person , i have nothing to hide or fear and i am protected by UN and by Sweden which is also a power in technology. Who ever wishes to talk to me or see me he/she is free so long as he/she does not fear to be eaten by your black mambas. My number is 0046739048412 and my e mail is clear.


colonel. Samson Mande

Former UPDF/FRONASA officer

1st Republic of Uganda Cabinet as of December 1970

For the benefit of our young generation who have been following our debates on Obote I regime and his government yet they may not even know how the man and his cabinet ministers looked like, and also for our historical memories, here below is Obote’s cabinet before he was kicked out by Maj. Gen. Idi Amin on 25th January 1971.

1st Republic of Uganda Cabinet as of December 1970

Dr. A.M Obote, President                 Mr. John Babiiha, Vice President          Mr. Lawrence Kalule

Minister Animal Industry, Game             Ssettaala, Minister of

& Fisheries                                               Finance

Mr. E.Y. Lakidi                    Mr. Sam Odaka                       Mr. Felix Onama, Minister of Defence

Minister of Labour              Minister of Foreign Affairs

Mr. Basil Bataringaya                        Dr. J. Luyimbaazi Zaake                       Dr. Eriya Baabumba

Minister of Internal Affairs                  Minister of Education                      Minister of Marketing

& Co-operatives

Mr. Alex A. Ojera                Mr. J.N. Wakholi                     Mr. J. Anyoti

Minister of Broadcasting   Minister of Public Service     Minister of National Service

& Tourism                            & Cabinet Affairs

Mr. C.B. Katiiti                     Prince William W. Kalema        Mr. J.W. Lwamafa

Minister of Culture &          Minister of Commerce                Minister of Health

Community Development      & Industry

Mr. James S. Ochola                        Mr. John Kakonge                   Mr. M.L. Choudry

Minister of Regional                        Minister of Agriculture           Minister of Minerals & Water

Administration                                 & Forestry                               Resources

Mr. J.M. Okae                                 Mr. Shaban Nkutu                    Mr. Lamech Lubowa

Minister of Planning                       Minister of Works,                   Attorney General

& Economic Development           Transport & Housing


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